Robotics Engineering Careers | Robotics Career Path, High School Competitions, Top Universities for Robotics, and Latest Trends

Globally, there has been a significant rise in the number of organizations investigating, piloting or implementing Robotics Process Automation (RPA). The trend will continue given the speed at which it can be implemented and the potential returns against initial investment. But, what exactly is robotics engineering, which are the top universities for robotics engineering in India & abroad, and how to make a career in robotics?

Robotics might be at its infancy in India, but undoubtedly, India is a growing market for robotics, artificial intelligence, and automation. There is a lot of media hype around robotics as well. It’s a no-brainer that the career scopes in robotics are quite bright. In this article, we will discuss more on a few important aspects around careers in roboticsrobotics competitions for high school students (and college students), top online courses on robotics, and top universities for robotics in India and abroad. Finally, we will also look at the latest trends in robotics.

Robotics Engineering Career Path

High School Robotics Competitions in India & Abroad, Top Indian Colleges & Foreign Universities for Robotics, and Latest Trends in Robotics

 

Introduction to Robotics for Beginners

What is Robotics?

Robotics is an interdisciplinary and dynamic branch within the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) field that primarily involves mechanical engineering, electrical-electronics engineering, and computer science. The field of robotics specializes in the creation, design, manufacture, and operation of robots.

Robotics Engineering and Robotics – Field of Study

Robots are those machines which are able to execute the duties that humans are either unable or prefer not to complete.

“Robotics Engineering is a field of engineering which deals with the construction, design, application and operation of robots. Robotics Engineering is an interdisciplinary branch of electrical engineering & mechanical engineering“. 

The mechanism behind robots is called “Robotics”.

The field of robotics deals with the research, design, manufacturing, operations, software development, information processing and application of robots in various industrial and commercial processes. The ultimate objective of robotics is to build machines that can substitute the humans.robotics and automation

In terms of framework, there are three main aspects in Robotics:

  • The design of the robot is undertaken by a specialization in mechanical engineering.
  • Electrical engineering forms the basis of understanding what drives the robots. That is what powers the motors and how to supply electricity and energy that allow the various parts of the robot to function.
  • Computer Programming tells the robot what to do. It is one thing to have a sound body and mobility.

There are other important aspects as well, such as neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, sociology etc. The key ones are the ones mentioned above.

Robotics – Modern Applications

Robots are now used for different purposes – industrial manufacturing, domestic, scientific research, and commercial purposes. Today, the applications of robotics can be found in nuclear science, ocean-exploration, space-exploration, mining, medicine (low-invasive robot-assisted surgeries, high-throughput research & diagnostics), agriculture, manufacturing industry, military warfare, hazardous situations like defusing bombs, finding survivors in unstable ruins, deep-sea vessels or shipwrecks etc., and even in the household.

For the last two decades, the performance of robots has improved.  Earlier this year, Robots performed one of the hardest human tasks – assembling Ikea furniture. The big corporate companies are interested in buying both new & old companies that are manufacturing robots & drones. Many developed and developing nations are investing heavily in robotics research. A recent study even showed that children are more easily influenced by robots than adults.

 

How to Make a Career in Robotics

Subject Choices in High School

Mathematics is a must for anyone who wants to pursue a career in robotics. One must have a very good understanding of Algebra and Geometry. Like any other engineering field, Physics is also essential. The concepts of mechanics, energy, circuits, and material science are very critical. Apart from Maths and Physics, other useful subjects at the high school level would be Computer Science, Programming, ICT, Design, Electronics etc.

There are not too many companies that provide internships and/or training programs in Robotics. So, joining robotics clubs, taking online courses, and participating in robotics competitions & workshops would be the best way forward to prepare for a career in robotics.

Robotics Competitions in India

Robotics Competitions and Workshops for High School Students (and College Students) in India

WRO India

TechnoXian

DRDO-SRC

VEX Robotics Championship

Jay Robotics

Robotics Olympiad

RoboRAVE

FTC

ROBOTRYST

International Robotics Competitions

Best Robotics

BotBall

BotBash

FIRA RoboWorld Cup

Early Robotics

First Lego League

Zero Robotics – MIT

International Robot Olympiad

MATE ROV Underwater Competition

Robo-Expo Competition

National Robotics Challenge

RoboCup Challenge

RoboCup Junior

RoboExpo

RoboFest

RoboGames

RoboSumo

Sea, Air and Land Challenge

VEX Robotics

First Robotics Competition

WCRS

Undergraduate Studies for Careers in Robotics

Ideal Programs at the Undergraduate Level (after 12th):
  • Mechanical Engineering (Mechanics, Mechatronics, Materials Engineering, Mechanical Design, Control & Automation, Robotics)
  • Electrical & Electronics Engineering (Electronics, Embedded Systems, low-level Programming, Control Systems, Circuit Theory, Signal Processing)
  • Computer Science and Engineering (Software Engineering, Artificial Intelligence, HCI, high-level Programming)
Alternative Career Paths:
  • Liberal Arts with major in Mathematics, Physics, Psychology & Cognitive Science, or Sociology & Social Psychology
  • Biomedical Engineering or Bio-Engineering with a focus on Bio-Mechanics

Robotics Colleges in India

At the undergrad level, you should focus on building a strong foundation in Mathematics, Calculus, Physics, Computer Science and Programming, and the engineering fields in Electronics, Electrical, Mechanical, Mechanics, Bioengineering, etc.

Additionally, you should also take on independent robotics related courses like Industrial Engineering, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Mechatronics, Industrial Robotics, and so on.

Top Online Robotics Courses

Introduction to Robotics

Robotics Programming & Math for kids, beginners: Step by Step

Robotics: Estimation and Learning

Control of Mobile Robots

Fundamentals in Robot C and VEX Robotics

Robotics: Aerial Robotics (Drones)

Robotics: Perception

Machine Learning

Analog Electronics – Robotics, learn by building

Digital Electronics: Robotics, learn by building module II

Intelligent Machining

Neural Networks for Machine Learning

Building Arduino robots and devices

Black Algo Trading: Build Your Trading Robot

Learn MQL5: Build an 8-Currency Hedging Robot (MetaTrader 5)

Robotics Engineering

Graduate Studies (MS & Ph.D.) in Robotics

More often than, it would be mandatory to pursue Ph.D., or at least a Master’s Degree to pursue a career in robotics. Some of the common courses, at the graduate school level, include aerospace robotics, computer software robotics, automotive robotics, robot dynamics, and more.

You could also do specialization in the robotic field of study like Automation, Micro-Robotics, Robot Motion Planning, Signal Processing, Robot Manipulators, Artificial Intelligence, CAD, CAM, bio-cybernetics and so on. Now, we will look at the top universities for robotics in India and abroad.

 

Top Universities for Robotics

Top Robotics Engineering Colleges in India

  • IIT Kanpur, Mumbai, Madras, Delhi, Kharagpur, Allahabad
  • Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology, Chandigarh
  • Lord Jagannath College of Engineering and Technology, Kanyakumari
  • Gulzar Group of Institutes, Ludhiana, Affiliated to I.K. Gujral Punjab Technical University
  • Amity University, Delhi-NCR
  • SGT University, Gurgaon
  • Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar
  • Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute, Maduravoyal, Chennai
  • Neotia University, Kolkata
  • CT University, Ludhiana
  • Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science, Kelambakkam, Chennai
  • University College of Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad
  • University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani
  • PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu
  • University of Petroleum & Energy Studies (UPES), Mumbai/Dehradun
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore
  • Appin Technology Lab, Mumbai/Bangalore/Pune
  • Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science
  • International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad

Top Universities for Robotics

Top Universities for Robotics in USA

Top Universities for Robotics in Europe

Top Universities for Robotics in Canada

Top Universities for Robotics in the Asia Pacific 

Singapore

Australia

New Zealand

 

Latest Trends in Robotics

CHEAPER PRICE OF ROBOTS

After a prolong research the technology of robots have improved considerably. Due to the sophisticated technology robots are now more capable with greater precision in any task and perform better. Nevertheless of all improvements, one can get robot at a low price. The small & medium sized companies now are capable to buy these robots. Cheap robots are getting manufacture at a higher volume and this trend is likely to continue.

EASY TO OPERATE

It is well known that robots are difficult to operate. But nowadays highly sophisticated robots having a user-friendly interface is available. These robots have a touch screen and also can be operated by using an audible command. These robots will soon be equipped with artificial intelligence making them simpler and easier to handle.

PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS

We are habituated with watching huge, bulky, life-threatening & monster like robots in science fiction movies. Robots that look like humans are also prevalent. In reality, most robots don’t look like humans. Robots that are used in warehouses look like stepstools that operate automatically. The Dominos Pizza Company uses a movable robot. It looks like a picnic cooler. Actuated joints can be added to the robotic arms. Different tools can be fitted to the robotic arms for performing a particular type of activity.

POSSIBILITY OF PRODUCING COLLABORATIVE ROBOTS

The Robots which can perform a task without any external command given by humans are called collaborative robots. Although it is difficult researchers are trying to manufacture this kind of robot. Complex programming will be an essential part of these kinds of robots. They will possess artificial intelligence for doing a job on its own. Over the next 10 to 15 years researchers will strive to produce true collaborative robots.

INCREASING USE OF DRONES

The US has developed the drone which is a flying robot through its prolong R & D programme. In the coming years, the civilian population will be interested in buying & using unmanned aerial vehicle (drone) both for commercial & domestic purposes. The Drones use costly sensors and high-resolution cameras to collect data and capture images in the inaccessible areas. The collected data will be analyzed by the experts for the action plan. Drones are now vastly used for surveillance purpose. Different oil & gas companies, NGO’s, governments of different countries are now using drones for monitoring purposes. Flying drones have now emerged as the latest hobby for many civilians.

PROVIDING SERVICE THROUGH ROBOTS

Many companies do not sell robots but provide service to the agriculture industry & security company through the robots. The farmers do not need to operate them. The responsibility of operating the robot lies in the company. Thinning, weeding, spraying, aerial imaging, data collection are some of the services offered by the companies.

SEMI-AUTONOMOUS ROBOT

Some tasks are better performed by humans and not by robots. Some level of direct control over the robot is essential for executing a job perfectly. This concept of shared control has been in the minds of researchers for many years. The researchers will work to design & produce this kind of robot. As a result of this, the user will be able to operate the robot directly.

INVESTMENTS MADE BY DIFFERENT COMPANIES

In the recent past, corporate giants like Google, Amazon, Qualcomm has made massive investments in the field of robotics buying different small & medium sized robotics companies. The car maker company Toyota has also made considerable investments in the research of Artificial Intelligence & Robotics. Individual businessmen who are financially sound are also getting interested in funding robotics startup companies. Owing to these big investments, new applications of robotics may emerge.

ENTRY OF CHINA & SOUTH KOREA IN THE FIELD OF ROBOTICS

Japan, US & few European countries were researching in the field of robotics for many years. But now the superpower China has also made huge investments in this promising field. China, in particular, is interested in developing the cheaper industrial robot. China is regarded as the largest commercial drone maker. South Korea also has emerged as the new international player in the arena of robotics.

ROBOTS FOR MISCELLANEOUS PURPOSE

Conventional robots are used for a boring purpose that is generally dirty & dangerous. The works in the car industry require speed and accuracy. For this robots are used there for the jobs like welding, painting, assembly etc. Advanced robots are used in space, defense & underwater applications.Robotics-AI-Deep-Learning-Automation

Europe is conducting robot research in the field of urban transportation, care of senior citizens & home service. Nowadays more advanced robots can perform complicated surgery in remote locations (villages, battlefields etc.) without the guidance or physical presence of doctors. Some robots act as personal assistants for the blind and elderly. Some robots are used in the agriculture field to take care of the plants.

Due to extensive research in nanotechnology, robots have now become miniature in form. These are specifically called nanobots & can be used to provide treatment at the cellular level. Nanobots loaded with medicines when injected travel through the arteries and attack the cancer cells exclusively without harming the healthy cells. Defective genes can be repaired & clogged arteries can be cleared with the help of nanobots. Read how Nanobots are fighting against cancer.

 

Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.

2 thoughts on “Robotics Engineering Careers | Robotics Career Path, High School Competitions, Top Universities for Robotics, and Latest Trends”

  1. That’s a brilliant article Ray! Thank you for the enlightenment! In the list of international/national level competitions, you can append ABU Robocon to it! 🙂

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *